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Why Coaches Should Focus on Meritocracy

Coaching is an art that extends far beyond the strategies and tactics of a sport. Great coaches understand that building a successful team is about more than just talent; it’s about cultivating a culture of trust. To build trust, you need meritocracy in sports.

Being a coach who runs their teams based on meritocracy is the easiest and least stressful way to coach. It puts the ownership on the players. But to do this, you need to be consistent and communicate your vision and values over and over again.

Meritocracy in sports emphasizes performance and ability over other factors such as favoritism, seniority, or personal connections. This is the most important fundamental principle for achieving success.

Fairness and Transparency

One of the primary reasons coaches should focus on meritocracy is the promotion of fairness and transparency. In a meritocratic system, athletes know that their efforts and abilities are the primary factors influencing their opportunities and playing time. This transparent approach helps foster a sense of justice among team members.

When athletes understand that they have a level playing field and that their hard work and skill will be rewarded, they are more likely to feel motivated and committed to the team’s goals. In contrast, a lack of fairness can lead to resentment and dissatisfaction, ultimately undermining team cohesion and performance.

COACH TIP: To create a level of transparency, I like to have a rubric where players and families are aware of the skills needed to play, start, and be part of the team. Measuring players during tryouts and throughout the season is key. Do not try to keep everyone happy! The result is a toxic environment.

Motivation and Accountability

Meritocracy encourages individual athletes to continually strive for improvement. When players believe that their performance directly influences their standing on the team, they are more likely to invest time and effort in training and skill development. This intrinsic motivation can lead to continuous growth and higher performance levels.

Moreover, a merit-based system promotes accountability. Athletes understand that they are responsible for their progress and that they cannot rely on external factors, such as personal relationships with the coach, to secure their place on the team. This accountability fosters a culture of discipline and self-improvement.

COACH TIP: To promote accountability, actions speak louder than words. When players and families see that what you say as coach happens over and over again, that matters. 

Team Unity and Collaboration

Meritocracy supports a culture of team unity and collaboration. When players recognize that their teammates are selected based on merit, they are more likely to trust each other’s abilities. This trust forms a strong foundation for teamwork and cohesion on the field or court.

In contrast, when players suspect that favoritism or nepotism plays a role in team selection, it can create rifts and divisions within the team. This undermines the collective effort required for success in team sports. By focusing on meritocracy, coaches can promote an environment where all athletes work together to achieve common goals.

COACH TIP: Always go back to your rubric. If players question who is playing and why, deliver a consistent message to them on what they need to do to level up. 

Maximizing Talent Potential

A meritocratic system is designed to maximize the potential of the talent within a team. It ensures that the most skilled and hardworking athletes receive the opportunities they deserve. By allowing the best players to take on critical roles, coaches can harness the full potential of their team.

When coaches prioritize meritocracy, they are more likely to create a winning team composed of athletes who consistently deliver exceptional performances. This is a key factor in achieving success at any level of competition, from youth sports to the professional leagues.

COACH TIP: Try allowing players to make up their plays during the game, leverage their strengths, let the strongest player shine by giving them leadership roles. 

Player Development

Meritocracy is not only about selecting the best players for a game; it is also about nurturing talent and providing growth opportunities. Coaches who value meritocracy invest time and effort into developing all players’ skills, regardless of their current abilities. This also shows players that they have a chance to succeed and play if they do well.

In such an environment, players recognize that their hard work and dedication will be rewarded with opportunities to improve and advance. This encouragement of player development not only benefits the individual but also strengthens the overall team. 

COACH TIP: It is all about player development. This is something that players can control. Give them the feedback and visuals on what it takes to rise to the next level. 


The importance of meritocracy in sports cannot be overstated. Coaches who prioritize meritocracy create a fair and transparent environment that motivates athletes to continually improve their skills and hold themselves accountable. This approach fosters a strong sense of teamwork, maximizing the potential of the team’s talent. Additionally, it encourages player development, nurturing the growth of all team members.

While it may be tempting for coaches to rely on personal relationships or other factors when making decisions, such an approach can ultimately lead to dissatisfaction, division, and underperformance. Embracing meritocracy is the key to building a winning team that thrives on trust, unity, and the relentless pursuit of excellence.

Coaches should recognize that meritocracy is not only a guiding principle for team selection but a philosophy that permeates every aspect of team culture. By focusing on meritocracy, coaches can guide their athletes to reach their full potential and achieve success, both on and off the field.

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About the author: 

Amy Masters is a sports mom, coach, and club administrator. She has been coaching youth sports for more than 10 years. She started Jr Lions Field Hockey, the youth recreation program for the Hunterdon County community growing it from 40 players in year 1 to 150 players by year 3. A few years later, she saw the love and competitiveness grow then started Omega Field Hockey Club serving NJ and PA players. Before coaching, she was a collegiate field hockey player for Lock Haven University. In her spare time (lol), she is head of marketing for iSport360 and the co-editor of the Youth Sports Survival Guide. The Youth Sports Survival Guide is the largest youth sports newsletter in the world.

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January 21, 2024

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