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Young Athletes Specializing In One Sport, Or Many?… Good Question.

I was recently invited on to a radio show in the Chicago area by The Sports Doctor, Dr. Bob Weil, who specializes in training and treating athletes, from youth to professionals.  I asked him to share his perspective on having kids specialize in one sport.

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So often young athletes are faced with the question regarding concentrating on their main sport versus playing multiple sports. Today it’s not unusual to see kids younger than 13 who are already putting all their efforts into one sport.  The multiple-sport athlete is far less common today than years ago.  Some of the thinking by coaches and parents is that the young athlete will tend to fall behind if they play different sports instead of just one sport year-round.

This is a good question with no exact answer. Here are some factors that can help make the decision.  Physically, with young, growing bodies, playing the same sport with the same movements, same muscles being used, same stress to the same areas, is challenging. Overuse injuries in the upper and lower extremities are a problem.  So, it is important to include off-sport conditioning that will help develop all areas of the athlete’s body to counteract repetitive motion problems.  Concentrate on working “the opposites,” or areas and muscles that counteract repetitive motion areas.  Athletic trainers, physical therapists and coaches can help develop those strategies.  Off-sport conditioning is no less important to the multiple sport athlete. Balance exercises and foot and ankle strengthening are a must, regardless of the sport.

Tennis, gymnastics, swimming, soccer, figure skating, volleyball and dance are examples of sports where specialization starts very young.  My thinking is if the kid’s interest is really in that one sport, then it’s OK to specialize.  But don’t let the coach convince you that that’s the only way to become really good and possibly get that scholarship, etc. It isn’t.  Many of our best college and pro athletes played multiple sports ask kids.  

Either way, make sure your young athlete enjoys his or her sport and is not being physically or mentally burned out because of the constant demand. Even serious one-sport kids require time off and proper recovery—more is not always better.

Dr. Robert Weil is a sports podiatrist with an office in Aurora, IL. He has trained and treated NFL, MLB and Pro Tennis players over his 30 year career.  You can hear The Sports Doctor Radio Show on or check out

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January 10, 2017

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